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Scand J Gastroenterol. 2002 Dec;37(12):1386-94.

Patients with endoscopic gastritis and/or duodenitis improve markedly following eradication of Helicobacter pylori, although less so than patients with ulcers.

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Institute of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.



It is well documented that dyspepsia in patients with peptic ulcer disease (PUD) improves markedly after eradication of Helicobacter pylori, while rarely does it improve in patients with functional dyspepsia. There is a large group of H. pylori-infected patients who do not qualify for either diagnosis, but in whom eradication may be considered. The aim of this study was to compare symptom severity, change in gastrointestinal symptoms 1 year after eradication and satisfaction with therapy between PUD patients and patients with endoscopic diagnoses of gastritis and/or duodenitis (G/D patients).


The patients were randomized to one of four triple regimens containing ranitidine bismuth and metronidazole, and either oxytetracycline or spiramycine. Eradication was assessed with the 14C-urea breath test. GI symptoms were evaluated using the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) and the Ulcer Esophagitis Subjective Symptoms Scale (UESS) questionnaires.


One-hundred-and-eighty-three patients were recruited from GI outpatient clinics. Patients with PUD and G/D had similar severity of symptoms before eradication therapy. One year after H. pylori eradication, 99% of the PUD patients and 75% of the G/D patients felt better regarding their main upper GI complaint. Abdominal pain score decreased by 48% as measured by GSRS and by 78% as measured by UESS in the PUD group and by 25% and 47%, respectively, in the G/D group. Reflux symptoms decreased by 41% and 63% in PUD patients and by 28% and 45% in G/D patients; indigestion by 30% and 47% in PUD and by 20% and 34% in G/D; eating discomfort by 60% in PUD and by 35% in G/D. Sleep quality score improved by 68% in PUD and by 41% in NU patients. Constipation decreased by 22% in the PUD group. All these differences in symptoms were highly significant compared to baseline. Diarrhoea was unchanged.


Abdominal pain, reflux symptoms, indigestion and the ability to eat and sleep improved in both PUD and G/D patients 1 year after H. pylori eradication. Chronic diarrhoea was not induced. Abdominal pain improved significantly more in PUD than in G/D patients. Further study of the effect of H.pylori eradication in G/D patients is warranted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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