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Ugeskr Laeger. 2002 Dec 2;164(49):5759-64.

[The impact of selected environmental factors on the morbidity of children in day care centers].

[Article in Danish]

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Statens Institut for Folkesundhed, Svanemøllevej 25, DK-2100 København ø.


The purpose of this review was to present the existing evidence of the relation between children's absence from day-care centres caused by disease and environmental factors, such as hygienic standard, space per child, and indoor climate in day-care centres. The review is based on results from cohort studies and randomised, controlled studies identified through literature searches. There is good evidence that improved hand hygiene may reduce the morbidity and absence among children attending day-care centres. The effect of the efforts varies from a few to 50 per cent. On the background of cohort studies there is some evidence that available space per child in the day-care centres is also correlated to the rate of absence caused by diseases. The impact of noise and indoor climate in day-care centres and the time spent outdoors has so far only been sparsely investigated but seems to be of some importance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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