Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Cardiol. 2003 Jan 15;91(2):195-9.

Comparison of aortic elasticity determined by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in obese versus lean adults.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. pdanias@caregroup.harvard.edu

Abstract

The vascular properties of large vessels in the obese have not been adequately studied. We used cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging to quantify the cross-sectional area and elastic properties of the ascending thoracic and abdominal aorta in 21 clinically healthy obese young adult men and 25 men who were age-matched lean controls. Obese subjects had greater maximal cross-sectional area of the ascending thoracic aorta (984 +/- 252 vs 786 +/- 109 mm(2), p <0.01) and of the abdominal aorta (415 +/- 71 vs 374 +/- 51 mm(2), p <0.05). When indexed for height the differences persisted, but when indexed for body surface area, a significant difference between groups was found only for the maximal abdominal aortic cross-sectional area. The obese subjects also had decreased abdominal aortic elasticity, characterized by 24% lower compliance (0.0017 +/- 0.0004 vs 0.0021 +/- 0.0005 mm(2)/kPa/mm, p <0.01), 22% higher stiffness index beta (6.0 +/- 1.5 vs 4.9 +/- 0.7, p <0.005), and 41% greater pressure-strain elastic modulus (72 +/- 25 vs 51 +/- 9, p <0.005). At the ascending thoracic aorta, only the pressure-strain elastic modulus was different between obese and lean subjects (85 +/- 42 vs 65 +/- 26 kPa, respectively; p <0.05), corresponding to a 31% difference-but arterial compliance and stiffness index were not significantly different between groups. In clinically healthy young adult obese men, obesity is associated with increased cross-sectional aortic area and decreased aortic elasticity.

PMID:
12521634
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-9149(02)03109-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center