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Mol Microbiol. 2003 Jan;47(2):507-18.

Rga5p is a specific Rho1p GTPase-activating protein that regulates cell integrity in Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

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1
Instituto de Microbiologia Bioquimica, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientifical, Departamento de Microbiologia y Genética, Universidad de Salamanca, Edificio Departmental, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.

Abstract

Schizosaccharomyces pombe Rho1p regulates (1,3)beta-d-glucan synthesis and is required for cell integrity maintenance and actin cytoskeleton organization, but nothing is known about the regulation of this protein. At least nine different S. pombe genes code for proteins predicted to act as Rho GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs). The results shown in this paper demonstrate that the protein encoded by the gene named rga5+ is a GAP specific for Rho1p. rga5+ overexpression is lethal and causes morphological alterations similar to those reported for Rho1p inactivation. rga5+ deletion is not lethal and causes a mild general increase in cell wall biosynthesis and morphological alterations when cells are grown at 37 degrees C. Upon mild overexpression, Rga5p localizes to growth areas and possesses both in vivo and in vitro GAP activity specific for Rho1p. Overexpression of rho1+ in rga5Delta cells is lethal, with a morphological phenotype resembling that of the overexpression of the constitutively active allele rho1G15V. In addition (1,3)beta-d-glucan synthase activity, regulated by Rho1p, is increased in rga5Delta cells and decreased in rga5-overexpressing cells. Moreover, the increase in (1,3)beta-d-glucan synthase activity caused by rho1+ overexpression is considerably higher in rga5Delta than in wild-type cells. Genetic interactions suggest that Rga5p is also important for the regulation of the other known Rho1p effectors, Pck1p and Pck2p.

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