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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003 Jan;84(1):5-17.

How chronic self-views influence (and potentially mislead) estimates of performance.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-7601, USA. jme15@cornell.edu

Abstract

An important source of people's perceptions of their performance, and potential errors in those perceptions, are chronic views people hold regarding their abilities. In support of this observation, manipulating people's general views of their ability, or altering which view seemed most relevant to a task, changed performance estimates independently of any impact on actual performance. A final study extended this analysis to why women disproportionately avoid careers in science. Women performed equally to men on a science quiz, yet underestimated their performance because they thought less of their general scientific reasoning ability than did men. They, consequently, were more likely to refuse to enter a science competition.

PMID:
12518967
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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