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Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2003 Feb;15(1):31-9.

Dynamin at the actin-membrane interface.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and the Center for Basic Research in Digestive Diseases, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


Many important cellular processes such as phagocytosis, cell motility and endocytosis require the participation of a dynamic and interactive actin cytoskeleton that acts to deform cellular membranes. The extensive family of non-traditional myosins has been implicated in linking the cortical actin gel with the plasma membrane. Recently, however, the dynamins have also been included in these cell processes as a second family of mechanochemical enzymes that self-associate and hydrolyze nucleotides to perform 'work' while linking cellular membranes to the actin cytoskeleton. The dynamins are believed to form large helical polymers from which extend many interactive proline-rich tail domains, and these domains bind to a variety of SH3-domain-containing proteins, many of which appear to be actin-binding proteins. Recent data support the concept that the dynamin family might act as a 'polymeric contractile scaffold' at the interface between biological membranes and filamentous actin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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