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Structure. 2003 Jan;11(1):21-30.

Crystal structure of an inactive Akt2 kinase domain.

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Amgen Cambridge Research Center, One Kendall Square, Building 1000, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.


Akt/PKB represents a subfamily of three isoforms from the AGC serine/threonine kinase family. Amplification of Akt activity has been implicated in diseases that involve inappropriate cell survival, including a number of human malignancies. The structure of an inactive and unliganded Akt2 kinase domain reveals several features that distinguish it from other kinases. Most of the alpha helix C is disordered. The activation loop in this structure adopts a conformation that appears to sterically hinder the binding of both ATP and peptide substrate. In addition, an intramolecular disulfide bond is observed between two cysteines in the activation loop. Residues within the linker region between the N- and C-terminal lobes also contribute to the inactive conformation by partially occupying the ATP binding site.

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