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Biotechnol Bioeng. 2003 Mar 5;81(5):607-17.

Simulation of growth and detachment in biofilm systems under defined hydrodynamic conditions.

Author information

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA. harald.horn@chemie.hs-magdeburg.de

Abstract

Detachment from biofilms was evaluated using a mixed culture biofilm grown on primary wastewater in a tube reactor. The growth of biofilms and the detachment of biomass from biofilms are strongly influenced by hydrodynamic conditions. In a long-term study, three biofilms were cultivated in a biofilm tube reactor. The conducted experiments of biofilm growth and detachment can be divided into three phases: 1) an exponential phase with a rapid increase of the biofilm thickness, 2) a quasi-steady-state with spontaneous fluctuation of the biofilm thickness between 500 and 1,200 microm in the investigated biofilm systems, and 3) a washout experiment with increased shear stress in three to four steps after several weeks of quasi-steady-state. Whereas the biofilm thickness during the homogeneous growth phase can be regarded constant throughout the reactor, it was found to be very heterogeneous during the quasi-steady-state and the washout experiments. Growth and detachment during all three phases was simulated with the same one-dimensional biofilm model. For each of the three phases, a different detachment rate model was used. During the homogeneous growth phase, detachment was modeled proportional to the biofilm growth rate. During the quasi-steady-state phase, detachment was described by random detachment events assuming a base biofilm thickness. Finally, the washout experiment was simulated with detachment being a function of the biofilm thickness before the increase of the shear stress.

PMID:
12514810
DOI:
10.1002/bit.10503
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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