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Can J Anaesth. 2003 Jan;50(1):71-7.

LMA-Classic and LMA-ProSeal are effective alternatives to endotracheal intubation for gynecologic laparoscopy.

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Department of Anesthesia, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.



To compare the laryngeal mask airways (LMA), LMA-Classic(TM) (LMA-C) and LMA-ProSeal(TM) (PLMA) with the endotracheal tube (ETT) with respect to pulmonary ventilation and gastric distension during gynecologic laparoscopy.


We stratified 209 women, aged > or = 18 yr, ASA physical status I-III, by body mass index as non-obese (< or = 30 kg x m(-2)) or obese (> 30 kg x m(-2)) and randomized them to LMA-C/PLMA or ETT groups for airway management. Anesthesia was induced with propofol, fentanyl and succinylcholine or rocuronium. In the LMA-C/PLMA group we used a size 4 LMA-C in non-obese patients and size 4 or 5 PLMA in obese patients. In the ETT group we used a cuffed 7.0 mm ETT in all patients. Anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in nitrous oxide and 30-50% oxygen, fentanyl and neuromuscular blockade with mechanical ventilation (tidal volume 10 mL x kg(-1)). The staff surgeon, blinded to the type of airway, scored stomach size on an ordinal scale 0-10 at initial insertion of the laparoscope and immediately before the conclusion of the surgical procedure.


There were no crossovers and no statistically significant differences between LMA-C/PLMA and ETT groups for SpO(2,) P(ET)CO(2) or airway pressure before or during peritoneal insufflation in short (< or = 15 min) or long (> 15 min) periods of peritoneal inflation. Differences between groups with respect to stomach size changes during surgery were not statistically significant.


A correctly placed LMA-C or PLMA is as effective as an ETT for positive pressure ventilation without clinically important gastric distension in non-obese and obese patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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