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J Dairy Sci. 2002 Dec;85(12):3304-13.

Effects of a subacute ruminal acidosis model on the diet selection of dairy cows.

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1
Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G2W1.

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to study the effects of a subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) model on diet choice in dairy cows. In the first experiment, 25% of the ad libitum dry matter intake (DMI) of the total mixed ration (TMR) was replaced with wheat-barley pellets (WBP, 50% ground wheat, 50% ground barley). Rumen pH was measured continuously via in-dwelling probes in 4 mid to late lactation cows. This diet change reduced rumen pH by 0.14 +/- 0.02 pH units (mean +/- SE) and increased time below pH 6.0, from 319 +/- 36 min(-1) to 641 +/- 36 min(-1). Hence, the nutritional model successfully induced SARA. The second experiment determined if inducing SARA increases the feed preference for long alfalfa hay compared with alfalfa pellets. The 2 wk of inducing SARA were separated by 1 control wk. Four cows on either SARA and control diets were given a choice of 2 feeds, 2 times per d, for 30 min. The preference ratios (PR = Amount of Hay consumed/Amount of Hay + Pellets consumed) for alfalfa hay during two SARA weeks was greater (0.85 +/- 0.03) compared with the control week (0.60 +/- 0.03). In SARA weeks, average rumen pH was 0.23 +/- 0.03 units lower, and time below pH 6.0 and 5.6 was higher compared to control. These results suggest that when given a choice of feeds, dairy cows alter their diet selection to attempt to attenuate SARA.

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