Format

Send to

Choose Destination

RETRACTED ARTICLE

See: Retraction Notice

See comment in PubMed Commons below
Hypertension. 2003 Jan;41(1):156-62.

Enhancement of ischemia-induced angiogenesis by eNOS overexpression.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine II and Cardiovascular Center, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi, Osaka, Japan.

Erratum in

  • Hypertension. 2004 Jan 19;43(2):e9.

Retraction in

Abstract

It remains undetermined whether continuous endothelial nitric oxide (NO) overexpression exerts angiogenic action. We surgically induced hindlimb ischemia in transgenic mice overexpressing endothelial NO synthase in the endothelium (eNOS-Tg) and studied neocapillary formation, ischemia-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, cGMP accumulation, and Akt/PKB signaling. Laser Doppler imaging revealed a markedly increased recovery of blood perfusion in ischemic limbs of eNOS-Tg mice (44% increase) compared with that in wild-type mice. Angiography showed a marked increase in basal and ischemia-induced collateral vessel formation in eNOS-Tg mice. Basal capillary densities and tissue cGMP levels were increased in eNOS-Tg mice (1.8-fold and 1.6-fold versus wild-type mice, respectively). Ischemia-induced neocapillary formation and cGMP accumulation were markedly increased in eNOS-Tg mice (3.6-fold and 4.1-fold versus preischemia levels, respectively), whereas those in wild-type mice were much less (1.8-fold and 1.5-fold, respectively). Basal and time-dependent VEGF expression in ischemic muscles did not differ between eNOS-Tg and wild-type mice. Basal and VEGF-mediated Akt phosphorylation in aortas was similar between eNOS-Tg and wild-type mice. Aortic basal eNOS expression was increased 3.3-fold, and VEGF-mediated eNOS phosphorylation was markedly induced in aortas of eNOS-Tg compared with preischemia levels (4.2-fold), whereas much smaller changes were observed in wild-type mice (1.8-fold increase). Our study demonstrates that overexpression of eNOS protein causes a marked increase in neocapillary formation in response to tissue ischemia without affecting ischemia-induced VEGF expression or VEGF-mediated Akt phosphorylation.

Comment in

PMID:
12511546
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center