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J Neurooncol. 2002 Dec;60(3):255-68.

Intracranial ependymomas in adult patients: analyses of prognostic factors.

Author information

1
Service de Neurochirurgie B, Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Lyon, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The goal of our study is to identify significant prognostic factors for a series of intracranial ependymomas in an adult population. Age, location, histology, preoperative clinical status, extent of resection and radiotherapy were examined.

METHODS:

Our series includes 34 patients. Ten tumors were located in the brain parenchyma, 5 in the lateral ventricle, 8 in the third and 11 in the fourth ventricle. Seventeen ependymomas were grades 2 and 17 were anaplastic. Surgical resection was gross-total in 27 patients and partial in 7.

RESULTS:

At a mean follow-up of 9 years (+/- 1 year) 16 patients died and, among the 18 survivors 14 are in complete remission and 4 present a local recurrence. The 5- and 10-year overall survival rates were respectively 62% and 43%. The 5- and 10-year progression-free survivals were 47% and 43%. Univariate analysis revealed that location in the brain parenchyma and anaplasia are the only statistically significant predictors of poor outcome.

CONCLUSION:

We can make out three groups of patients from our series: the first encompasses patients operated on for an intraparenchymal tumor, in all our cases an anaplastic ependymoma, with a 5-year rate of tumor-related deaths of 100%. The second group includes fourth ventricle ependymomas, which are mostly grade 2 tumors. They display a 10-year survival rate of 90%. Last group entails lateral and third ventricle ependymomas, of both low and high grade, with a 10-year survival rate of 60% for lateral ventricle and 35% for third ventricle tumors.

PMID:
12510777
DOI:
10.1023/a:1021136029072
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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