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Nutr Neurosci. 2002 Dec;5(6):391-7.

Birthdates and number of neurons in the serotonergic raphe nuclei in the rat with prenatal protein malnutrition.

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Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, 80 E, Concord Street, Boston, MA 02118, USA.


The effect of prenatal protein deprivation on timing of neurogenesis and on number of neurons generated in the serotonergic dorsal (DR) and median raphe (MR) nuclei of the rat was studied. These neurons are of interest because their neurogenesis occurs during the period of malnutrition and their axonal projections participate in the earliest stages of brain development. In this study, dams were maintained on a 25% casein diet or a 6% casein diet 5 weeks prior to mating and throughout pregnancy. At birth, all pups were cross-fostered to dams on a 25% casein diet. Bromodeoxyuridine, a thymidine analog that is incorporated into nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid during the cell cycle synthetic phase, was used as a marker of neurogenesis. Bromodeoxyuridine was administered on either embryonic day 11, 12, 13 or 14. On postnatal day 30, serial sections of raphe nuclei were processed with bromodeoxyuridine immunocytochemistry to determine the number of raphe cells generated on each day and with Nissl stain to determine the total number of cells generated. There were no significant differences between the two diet groups in timing of generation or in total number of cells generated, indicating that neurogenesis of these early generated neurons appears unaffected by concomitant protein deprivation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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