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Neurosci Res. 2003 Jan;45(1):1-8.

Cell permeable ROS scavengers, Tiron and Tempol, rescue PC12 cell death caused by pyrogallol or hypoxia/reoxygenation.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Gifu University School of Medicine, Tsukasamachi 40, Gifu 500-8705, Japan.


The role of superoxide anion (O(2)*-) in neuronal cell injury induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) was examined in PC12 cells using pyrogallol (1,2,3-benzenetrior), a donor to release O(2)*-. Pyrogallol induced PC12 cell death at concentrations, which evidently increased intracellular O(2)*-, as assessed by O(2)(*-)-sensitive fluorescent precursor hydroethidine (HEt). Caspase inhibitors, Z-VAD-FMK and Z-Asp-CH(2)-DCB, failed to protect cells from injury caused by elevation of intracellular O(2)*-, although these inhibitors had effects on hypoxia- or hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced PC12 cell death. Two known O(2)*- scavengers, Tiron (4,5-dihydroxy-1,3-benzenedisulfonic acid) and Tempol (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperydine-1-oxyl) rescued PC12 cells from pyrogallol-induced cell death. Hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of PC12 cells was also blocked by Tiron and Tempol. Further understanding of the underlying mechanism of the protective effects of these radical scavengers reducing intracellular O(2)*- on neuronal cell death may lead to development of new therapeutic treatments for hypoxic/ischemic brain injury.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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