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Semin Cancer Biol. 2003 Feb;13(1):15-28.

NF-kappaB activation in cancer: a challenge for ubiquitination- and proteasome-based therapeutic approach.

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The Lautenberg Center for Immunology, The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel.


Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation relies primarily on ubiquitin-mediated degradation of its inhibitor IkappaB. NF-kappaB plays an important role in many aspects of tumor development, progression, and therapy. Some types of cancer are characterized by constitutive NF-kappaB activity, whereas in others such activity is induced following chemotherapy. NF-kappaB-harboring tumors are generally resistant to chemotherapy and their eradication requires NF-kappaB inhibition. Here we describe the mechanisms of NF-kappaB activation in normal and tumor cells, review prevalent notions regarding the factor's contribution to tumorigenicity and discuss present and future options for NF-kappaB inhibition in cancer. The ubiquitination-mediated activation of NF-kappaB is intersected by another cancer-associated protein, beta-catenin. We, therefore, compare the related activation pathways and discuss the possibility of differential targeting of the involved ubiquitination machinery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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