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Biomaterials. 2003 Mar;24(6):1047-57.

Fabrication of a novel porous PGA-chitosan hybrid matrix for tissue engineering.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, 106, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.


Polyglycolide (PGA) and chitosan mixture solution was prepared using solvents of low toxicity to create novel, porous, biocompatible, degradable, and modifiable hybrid matrices for biomedical applications. The porosity of these PGA-chitosan hybrid matrices (P/C matrices) was created by a thermally induced phase separation method. Two types of the P/C hybrid matrices containing 70 wt% PGA (P/C-1 matrix) and 30 wt% PGA (P/C-2 matrix) were fabricated. Chitosan matrix was also prepared for comparison. A 35-day in vitro degradation revealed that the weight losses for the P/C-1 and P/C-2 matrices were similar ( approximately 61%), but the releases of glycolic acid from the P/C-1 and P/C-2 matrices were 95% and 60%, respectively. The P/C-1 matrix had higher porosity and higher mechanical strength than the P/C-2 and chitosan matrices. Fibroblast cells cultivated in these matrices proliferated well and the cell density was the highest in the P/C-1 matrix, followed by the chitosan and P/C-2 matrices, suggesting good biocompatibility for the P/C-1 matrix. We thereby concluded that the P/C-1 matrix, due to its high strength, porosity, biocompatibility and degradability, is a promising biomaterial. The presence of chitosan in the P/C matrices provides many amino groups for further modifications such as biomolecule conjugation and thus enhances the application potential of the P/C hybrid matrices in tissue engineering.

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