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Surg Neurol. 2002 Nov;58(5):309-14; discussion 314-5.

Selective intraoperative angiography in intracranial aneurysm surgery: intraoperative factors associated with aneurysmal remnants and vessel occlusions.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in Shreveport, 71130, USA.



The objective of this study was to assess the role of selective intraoperative angiography and to analyze the factors associated with faulty clip application.


Two hundred thirty-eight patients undergoing surgery for intracranial aneurysms were studied consecutively for intraoperative angiography (IOA)-related events. The procedure was performed in 155 operations. Demographic details, clinical grade of the patient, location and size of the aneurysm, intraoperative rupture, application of the temporary clip, IOA findings, and final outcome were analyzed.


In the 155 patients in the series, there were 125 anterior circulation aneurysms and 30 on the vertebrobasilar system. Aneurysms were smaller than 10 mm in 63% of the patients, and 19 were giant aneurysms. Thirty-eight percent were unruptured, 36% were Hunt and Hess Grades I and II, 21% were Grade III, and 5% were Grades IV and V. An intraoperative rupture occurred in 18 operations. Intraoperative angiography was normal in 88%; in 11 cases (7%) there was a residual neck, and in 8 (5%), occlusion of the artery was observed. An incomplete clipping was significantly related to intraoperative rupture of the aneurysm (p < 0.008) and anterior location of the aneurysm (p = 0.05), whereas vessel occlusion had a significant association with posterior location of the aneurysm (p < 0.0005). An eventful IOA had significant association with poor outcome (p < 0.003).


Intraoperative rupture and a posterior location of the aneurysm had a significant correlation with residual aneurysm and vessel occlusion, respectively. The use of IOA is justified in aneurysms associated with these factors.

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