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Genes Dev. 2002 Dec 15;16(24):3142-57.

Nob1p is required for biogenesis of the 26S proteasome and degraded upon its maturation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Japan.


Nob1p is a nuclear protein that forms a complex with the 19S regulatory particle of the 26S proteasome and with uncharacterized nuclear protein Pno1p. Overexpression of NOB1 overrode the defects in maturation of the 20S proteasome of ump1Delta cells, and temperature-sensitive nob1 and pno1 mutants exhibited defects in the processing of the beta subunits and in the assembly of the 20S and the 26S proteasomes. A defect in either NOB1 or PNO1 caused accumulation of newly formed Pre6p in the cytoplasm, whereas Pre6p of the ump1Delta strain accumulated in the nucleus irrespective of the temperature. Here we present a model proposing that (1) Nob1p serves as a chaperone to join the 20S proteasome with the 19S regulatory particle in the nucleus and facilitates the maturation of the 20S proteasome and degradation of Ump1p, and (2) Nob1p is then internalized into the 26S proteasome and degraded to complete 26S proteasome biogenesis.

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