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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Nov;976:382-93.

K+-dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchangers in the brain.

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1
Cardiovascular Research Group, Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 4N1. jlytton@ucalgary.ca

Abstract

Sodium-calcium exchange was first characterized in heart myocytes and squid axon more than 3 decades ago. Since then, it has been appreciated that functioning of the Na/Ca exchanger molecule plays a critical role in calcium homeostasis in neurons. Genome analysis indicates that Na/Ca exchangers are a superfamily encoded by 7 different genes divided into 2 groups: the Na/Ca exchangers (NCX; SLC8) and the Na/Ca+K exchangers (NCKX; SLC24). Two different NCX genes, NCX1 and NCX2, are highly expressed in brain. We recently described the widespread expression of 2 NCKX-type exchangers in brain, NCKX2 and NCKX3, and uncovered evidence for expression of another, NCKX4. The unique role that each different exchanger plays in neuronal calcium homeostasis, however, awaits further investigation. To begin exploring this central question, we examined both the expression pattern and the functional properties of the K-dependent Na/Ca exchanger isoforms expressed in brain and compared and contrasted these with NCX-type exchangers. Distinct patterns of transcript abundance, regional distribution, and developmental expression were noted for each isoform. Functional properties, including stoichiometry and the kinetic characteristics of ion binding, were determined for NCKX2 and are discussed in the context of cellular Ca2+ signaling.

PMID:
12502585
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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