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J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Jan 1;51(1):200-5.

Headspace solid-phase microextraction method for the study of the volatility of selected flavor compounds.

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Department of Viticulture and Enology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis 95616, USA.


Changes in the volatility of selected flavor compounds in the presence of nonvolatile food matrix components were studied using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) combined with GC-MS quantification. Time-dependent adsorption profiles to the SPME fiber and the partition coefficients between different phases were obtained for several individual volatiles, showing that HS-SPME analysis with a short sampling time can be used to determine the "true" headspace concentration at equilibrium between the headspace and a sample matrix. Equilibrium dialysis followed by HS-SPME/GC-MS was carried out to confirm the ability of HS-SPME extraction for monitoring the free volatile compounds in the presence of proteins. In particular, a short sampling time (1 min) avoided additional extraction of volatiles bound to the protein. Interactions between several selected flavor compounds and nonvolatile food matrix components [beta-lactoglobulin or (+)-catechin] were also studied by means of HS-SPME/GC-MS analysis. The volatility of ethyl hexanoate, heptanone, and hexanal was significantly decreased by the addition of beta-lactoglobulin compared to that of isoamyl acetate. Catechin decreased the volatility of ethyl hexanoate and hexanal by 10-20% and increased that of 2-heptanone by approximately 15%. This study indicates that HS-SPME can be a useful tool for the study of the interactions between volatile compounds and nonvolatile matrix components provided the kinetic and thermodynamic behavior of the volatiles in relation to the fiber chosen for the studies is carefully considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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