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J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Jan 1;51(1):196-9.

Linalool in orange juice: origin and thermal stability.

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University of Florida Citrus Research and Education Center, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred 33850, USA.


Linalool concentrations were determined in juice from three groups of 60 Valencia oranges using pentane:ether extraction and high-resolution capillary GC. The outer peel (flavedo) was removed from one group. The other two groups retained their peel intact. Juice was extricated from the halved fruits of the flavedo-less group and from one of the peel-intact groups using a hand reamer. A peel-cutting/macerating juice extractor was used for the other peel-intact group. Linalool concentrations were 0.004 mg/L in peeled fruit juice and 0.020 and 0.106 mg/L for hand-reamed and mechanically extracted peel-intact juice, respectively. Juice from peeled fruit contained significantly (P < 0.05) less linalool than peel-intact juice. Approximately 80% of the total juice linalool content was associated with peel using reamer design, and 96% was associated with peel-cutting/macerating design. Linalool increased with increasing peel oil levels; however, the increases were not proportionate. Since all commercial juices are mechanically extracted, the vast majority of linalool in commercial orange juice originates from the peel and not from the juice vesicle cytoplasm. Juice from peel-macerated, mechanically extracted fruit increased from 0.106 to 0.134 mg/kg after thermal processing, whereas juice from reamer extraction was essentially unchanged.

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