Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Nat Prod. 2002 Dec;65(12):1875-81.

New polyhydroxylated pyrrolidine, piperidine, and pyrrolizidine alkaloids from Scilla sibirica.

Author information

1
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokuriku University, Ho-3 Kanagawa-machi, Kanazawa 920-1181, Japan.

Abstract

Chromatographic separation of an extract of the bulbs of Scilla sibirica resulted in the isolation of five pyrrolidines, two pyrrolidine glycosides, six piperidines, one piperidine glycoside, and eight pyrrolizidines. 2,5-Dideoxy-2,5-imino-glycero-d-manno-heptitol (homoDMDP, 1) is a common alkaloid in all plants of the Hyacinthaceae examined to date and was also found in S. sibirica. The structures of the new alkaloids were elucidated by spectroscopic methods as 7-deoxy-homoDMDP (4), 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-glycero-d-galacto-heptitol (5), the 4-O-beta-d-mannoside (6) and the 4-O-beta-d-mannobioside (7) of 6-deoxy-homoDMDP (2), 7-deoxyhomonojirimycin (12), 7-deoxyhomomannojirimycin (13), and polyhydroxypyrrolizidines, hyacinthacines A(4) (15), A(5) (16), A(6) (17), A(7) (18), B(4) (20), B(5) (21), and B(6) (22). HomoDMDP (1) is a potent inhibitor of beta-glucosidase and beta-galactosidase, while 6-deoxy-homoDMDP (2) showed significantly less inhibition. However, 7-deoxygenation of 1, leading to 4, showed no effect on the inhibitory activity toward both enzymes. Although 2 is not an inhibitor of alpha-l-fucosidase, the monomannoside of 2 shows inhibitory activity toward alpha-l-fucosidase. Elongation of the beta-mannopyranosyl chain of 6 to give 7 enhanced the inhibitory activity.

PMID:
12502331
DOI:
10.1021/np020296h
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center