Send to

Choose Destination
J Nat Prod. 2002 Dec;65(12):1875-81.

New polyhydroxylated pyrrolidine, piperidine, and pyrrolizidine alkaloids from Scilla sibirica.

Author information

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokuriku University, Ho-3 Kanagawa-machi, Kanazawa 920-1181, Japan.


Chromatographic separation of an extract of the bulbs of Scilla sibirica resulted in the isolation of five pyrrolidines, two pyrrolidine glycosides, six piperidines, one piperidine glycoside, and eight pyrrolizidines. 2,5-Dideoxy-2,5-imino-glycero-d-manno-heptitol (homoDMDP, 1) is a common alkaloid in all plants of the Hyacinthaceae examined to date and was also found in S. sibirica. The structures of the new alkaloids were elucidated by spectroscopic methods as 7-deoxy-homoDMDP (4), 2,5-dideoxy-2,5-imino-glycero-d-galacto-heptitol (5), the 4-O-beta-d-mannoside (6) and the 4-O-beta-d-mannobioside (7) of 6-deoxy-homoDMDP (2), 7-deoxyhomonojirimycin (12), 7-deoxyhomomannojirimycin (13), and polyhydroxypyrrolizidines, hyacinthacines A(4) (15), A(5) (16), A(6) (17), A(7) (18), B(4) (20), B(5) (21), and B(6) (22). HomoDMDP (1) is a potent inhibitor of beta-glucosidase and beta-galactosidase, while 6-deoxy-homoDMDP (2) showed significantly less inhibition. However, 7-deoxygenation of 1, leading to 4, showed no effect on the inhibitory activity toward both enzymes. Although 2 is not an inhibitor of alpha-l-fucosidase, the monomannoside of 2 shows inhibitory activity toward alpha-l-fucosidase. Elongation of the beta-mannopyranosyl chain of 6 to give 7 enhanced the inhibitory activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center