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J Gen Appl Microbiol. 1998 Oct;44(5):303-309.

Simultaneous degradation of p-nitrophenol and phenol by a newly isolated Nocardioides sp.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejon 305-701, Korea.


A p-nitrophenol (PNP)- and phenol-mineralizing bacterium (strain NSP41) was isolated from an industrial wastewater and identified as a member of the genus Nocardioides. PNP was degraded via a hydroquinone pathway, and phenol was degraded through a catechol pathway in strain NSP41. Both enzyme systems for the degradation of PNP and phenol were induced simultaneously in the presence of both compounds. Although both enzyme systems were induced at the same time, PNP and phenol were degraded by the hydroquinone and catechol pathway, respectively. However, during the simultaneous degradation in the low phenol concentration, after the exhaustion of phenol, some PNP was transformed by the catechol pathway and 4-nitrocatechol was transiently accumulated. Kinetically, the addition of phenol greatly enhanced the apparent PNP degradation rate, which may be due to the increased cell mass by the assimilation of phenol.

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