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Cancer Cell. 2002 Dec;2(6):507-14.

Hyperactivation of protein kinase B and ERK have discrete effects on survival, proliferation, and cytokine expression in Nf1-deficient myeloid cells.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.


The Nf1 tumor suppressor encodes a GTPase-activating protein for Ras. Previous work has implicated hyperactive Ras in the aberrant growth of Nf1-deficient cells; however, there are limited data on which effectors modulate specific phenotypes. To address this, we generated myeloid cell lines by infecting fetal liver cells with a retrovirus encoding a truncated allele of c-Myb. Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) promoted the survival of wild-type Myb cells in a dose-dependent manner. By contrast, Nf1-deficient myeloid cells deprived of growth factors, were resistant to apoptosis due to hyperactivation of the phosphoinositide-3-OH kinase/protein kinase B cascade. Nf1(-/-) cells also demonstrated growth factor-independent proliferation and upregulation of GM-CSF mRNA production that were dependent upon Raf/MEK/ERK signaling. These data link specific Ras effectors with discrete cellular phenotypes in Nf1-deficient cells.

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