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Nat Immunol. 2003 Feb;4(2):189-97. Epub 2002 Dec 23.

CD45 ectodomain controls interaction with GEMs and Lck activity for optimal TCR signaling.

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Molecular Immunology Unit, Department of Immunology, Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Dr. Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France.


The transmembrane phosphatase CD45 regulates both Lck activity and T cell receptor (TCR) signaling. Here we have tested whether the large ectodomain of CD45 has a role in this regulation. A CD45 chimera containing the large ectodomain of CD43 efficiently rescues TCR signaling in CD45-null T cells, whereas CD45 chimeras containing small ectodomains from other phosphatases do not. Both basal Lck activity in unstimulated cells and the TCR-induced increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of the TCR zeta-chain and in Lck activity depend on the expression of CD45 with a large ectodomain. Unlike CD45 chimeras containing small ectodomains, both the CD45 chimera with a large ectodomain and wild-type CD45 itself are partially localized to glycosphingolipid-enriched membranes (GEMs). Taken together, these data show that the large CD45 ectodomain is required for optimal TCR signaling.

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