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Neuropsychopharmacology. 2003 Jan;28(1):45-52.

Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor modulation of DOI-induced c-fos mRNA and excitatory responses in the cerebral cortex.

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Lilly Research Laboratories, Neuroscience Research Division, Eli Lilly and Company, Lilly Corperate Center, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA.


Recent studies have demonstrated that the hallucinogen 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOI) enhances glutamatergic transmission in the prefrontal cortex. This increase can be suppressed by metabotropic glutamate2/3 (mGlu2/3) receptor activation. In addition to enhancing glutamatergic transmission, DOI increases cortical c-fos expression. We tested if a reduction in glutamate release produced by mGlu2/3 receptor activation attenuates DOI-induced c-fos expression in the cortex. Similar to previous studies, DOI produced a robust increase in c-fos mRNA throughout the cortex, including the prefrontal, frontoparietal, and somatosensory regions. Pretreatment with the mGlu2/3 agonist LY379268 attenuated the DOI-induced increase in the prefrontal cortex. This suppression was blocked by the mGlu2/3 antagonist LY341495. In contrast, the DOI-induced increase in c-fos mRNA in the frontoparietal and somatosensory cortex was unaffected by the mGlu2/3 agents. These findings suggest that Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists are capable of modulating postsynaptic function preferentially in the limbic cortex under conditions of enhanced glutamate release.

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