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Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2002;11(4):292-7.

Effect of green tea catechin on arachidonic acid cascade in chronic cadmium-poisoned rats.

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1
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Catholic University of Daegu, Kyongsan-si, Korea.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of green tea catechin on the cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways in chronic cadmium-poisoned rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing 100 +/- 10 g were randomly assigned to one normal and three cadmium-poisoned groups. The cadmium groups were classified as catechin-free diet group (Cd-0C), 0.25% catechin diet group (Cd-0.25C) and 0.5% catechin diet group (Cd-0.5C), in accordance with the level of catechin supplement. The phospholipase A2 activity was remarkably increased 117% in the Cd-0C group and 60% in the Cd-0.25C group compared with the normal group, and the level in the Cd-0.5C group was the same as the normal group. Activity of platelet cyclooxygenase increased 284% in the Cd-0C group, 147% in the Cd-0.25C group and 193% in the Cd-0.5C group. The synthesis of platelet thromboxane A2 (TXA2) increased 157% in the Cd-0C group and 105% in the Cd-0.25C group, compared with the normal group. The Cd-0.5C group showed the same level as the normal group. Prostacyclin (PGI2) formation in the aorta decreased 24% in the Cd-0C group and 18% in the Cd-0.25C group. The ratio of PGI2/TXA2, the thrombocyte synthesis index, decreased 70% in the Cd-0C group and 59% in the Cd-0.25C group. The activity of 5'-lipoxygenase in the polymorphonuclear leukocyte was increased 40% in the Cd-0C group as compared with the normal group. Catechin-supplemented Cd-0.25C and Cd-0.5C groups showed the level of the normal group. In this study, the observed content of leukotriene B4, which induces the inflammatory process, increased 54% in the Cd-0C group, and in catechin-supplemented groups, showed the same level as in the normal group. The serum peroxide value increased 60% in the Cd-0C group compared with the normal group; but in the Cd-0.5C group, it showed the level of the normal group. These results indicate that chronic cadmium poisoning in rats accelerates arachidonic acid metabolism. Inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism due to catechin supplementation, however, decreases platelet aggregation and inflammatory action. In conclusion, it would appear that green tea catechin supplementation in chronic cadmium-poisoned rats inhibits the arachidonic acid cascade by regulating the activity of phospholipase A2.

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