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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2003 Jan;284(1):F22-31.

Urinary tract infection in iNOS-deficient mice with focus on bacterial sensitivity to nitric oxide.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Lund University Hospital, Sweden.


Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-deficient mice were used to examine the role of iNOS in Escherichia coli-induced urinary tract infection (UTI). The toxicity of nitric oxide (NO)/peroxynitrite to bacteria and host was also investigated. The nitrite levels in urine of iNOS+/+ but not iNOS/ mice increased after infection. No differences in bacterial clearance or persistence were noted between the genotypes. In vitro, the uropathogenic E. coli 1177 was sensitive to 3-morpholinosydnonimine, whereas the avirulent E. coli HB101 was sensitive to both NO and 3-morpholinosydnonimine. E. coli HB101 was statistically (P < 0.05) more sensitive to peroxynitrite than E. coli 1177. Nitrotyrosine immunoreactivity was observed in infected bladders of both genotypes and in infected kidneys of iNOS+/+ mice. Myeloperoxidase, neuronal (n)NOS, and endothelial (e)NOS immunoreactivity was observed in inflammatory cells of both genotypes. Our results indicate that iNOS/ and iNOS+/+ mice are equally susceptible to E. coli-induced UTI and that the toxicity of NO to E. coli depends on bacterial virulence. Furthermore, myeloperoxidase and nNOS/eNOS may contribute to nitrotyrosine formation in the absence of iNOS.

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