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Science. 2002 Dec 20;298(5602):2388-90.

CREM-dependent transcription in male germ cells controlled by a kinesin.

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Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, B. P. 10142, 67404 Illkirch, Strasbourg, France.


ACT is a LIM-only protein expressed exclusively in round spermatids, where it cooperates with transcriptional activator CREM in regulating various postmeiotic genes. Targeted inactivation of CREM leads to a complete block of mouse spermiogenesis. We sought to identify the regulatory steps controlling the functional interplay between CREM and ACT. We found that ACT selectively associates with KIF17b, a kinesin highly expressed in male germ cells. The ACT-KIF17b interaction is restricted to specific stages of spermatogenesis and directly determines the intracellular localization of ACT. Sensitivity to leptomycin B indicates that KIF17b can be actively exported from the nucleus through the Crm1 receptor. Thus, a kinesin directly controls the activity of a transcriptional coactivator by a tight regulation of its intracellular localization.

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