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J Biol Chem. 2003 Feb 28;278(9):6748-54. Epub 2002 Dec 19.

Presenilin-1 mutation L271V results in altered exon 8 splicing and Alzheimer's disease with non-cored plaques and no neuritic dystrophy.

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Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, Sydney 2010, Australia.


The mutation L271V in exon 8 of the presenilin-1 (PS-1) gene was detected in an Alzheimer's disease pedigree. Neuropathological examination of affected individuals identified variant, large, non-cored plaques without neuritic dystrophy, reminiscent of cotton wool plaques. Biochemical analysis of L271V mutation showed that it increased secretion of the 42-amino acid amyloid-beta peptide, suggesting a pathogenic mutation. Analysis of PS-1 transcripts from the brains of two mutation carriers revealed a 17-50% increase in PS-1 transcripts with deletion of exon 8 (PS-1deltaexon8) compared with unrelated Alzheimer's disease brains. Exon trapping analysis confirmed that L271V mutation enhanced the deletion of exon 8. Western blots of brain lysates indicated that PS-1deltaexon8 was overexpressed in an affected individual. Biochemical analysis of PS-1deltaexon8 in COS and BD8 cells indicate the splice isoform is not intrinsically active but interacts with wild-type PS-1 to generate amyloid-beta. Western blots of cell lysates immunoprecipitated with anti-Tau or anti-GSK-3beta antibodies indicated that PS-1deltaexon8, unlike wild-type PS-1, does not interact directly with Tau or GSK-3beta, potential modifiers of neuritic dystrophy. We postulate that variant plaques observed in this family are due in part to the effects of PS-1deltaexon8 and that interaction between PS-1 and various protein complexes are necessary for neuritic plaque formation.

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