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Tissue Antigens. 2002 Nov;60(5):383-95.

Surface antigens of human mesangial cells: impact of growth surface or IL-1alpha.

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1
Division of Nephrology and Dialysis, Department of Medicine III, University of Vienna, Wien, Austria. Guerkan.Sengoelge@univie.ac.at

Abstract

The interactions of mesangial cells (MC) with their environment are important events in glomerular physiology and pathology, yet a detailed characterization of the MC-surface antigens mediating these interactions is still lacking. In this study, a comparative phenotype analysis of primary human MC in culture using 191 monoclonal antibodies directed against 108 antigens was performed by flow-cytometry. The MC were grown on three different surfaces (human matrix, fibronectin, polystyrene) and cultured in the presence or absence of IL-1alpha. Seventy-one antibodies recognizing 35 different antigens (integrins: CD29, 49b, 49c, 49e, 51, 61; immunoglobulin gene family: CD54, 58, 90, 106, 146, 147, 166; growth factor receptors: CD105, 140b; apoptosis related: CD95; hemostatis related: CD141, 142; miscellaneous: CD44, 109, 138, 151, 157, 165, and 11 nonclustered antigens) reacted with mesangial cells. CD58, 109, 146, 147, 151, 157, 165, and 166 are reported for the first time to be present on human mesangial cells. In comparison to growth on polystyrene, CD44, 54, 95, 105, 109, 140b, 146, 147, 157, 165 and 166, were up-regulated on fibronectin, and CD44, 54, 90, 95, 105, 106, 109, 138, 140b, 141, 142, 146, 147, 151, 157, 165 and 166 were up-regulated on human matrix. The stimulation by IL-1alpha up-regulated CD44, 49e, 51, 54, 61, 106 on MC on polystyrene; CD49e, 51, 61, 106, 146, 165 on MC on fibronectin, and CD49e, 51, 54 on MC grown on human matrix. This analysis of surface antigen expression provides new information to enable a better understanding of the role of mesangial cells in glomerular pathophysiology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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