Send to

Choose Destination
Br J Haematol. 2003 Jan;120(1):145-53.

Risk factors for adults with Philadelphia-chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in remission treated with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation: the potential of real-time quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction.

Author information

Catholic Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Centre, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes for Philadelphia-chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (Ph+ ALL) patients in remission treated with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Twenty-three adults were entered onto this study. The 2-year probabilities of relapse and disease-free survival (DFS) were 39.4 +/- 11.6% and 43.5 +/- 10.3% respectively. The presence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was found to be an independent predictive factor affecting lower relapse and DFS. To monitor the BCR-ABL transcript, we also analysed 48 bone marrow samples of eight patients using real-time quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The kinetics of the BCR-ABL transcript correlated well with the patients' clinical course. In six patients who were in continuous remission after BMT, a rapid decrease in BCR-ABL copy number to the PCR-negative status was observed after the development of chronic GVHD. Meanwhile, routine bone marrow examination of two patients showed PCR positivity with a 3 or 4-log increase of BCR-ABL copy number and subsequent haematological relapse, which occurred 2 and 4 months later respectively. Although our data should be interpreted cautiously, the presence of chronic GVHD may reduce the risk of relapse in Ph+ ALL. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR appears to be a useful test for BCR-ABL transcript monitoring.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center