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J Clin Invest. 1976 Mar;57(3):732-7.

Vitamin E. An inhibitor of the platelet release reaction.

Abstract

Formation of lipid peroxides rises sharply when platelets undergo the release reaction. In this study the in vitro effect of vitamin E on platelet aggregation was investigated. alpha-Tocopherol, an anitoxidant of known inhibitory action on lipid peroxidation, was added to platelet suspensions in concentrations up to 1.5 mM. A dose-dependent reduction in platelet aggregation was observed, with complete inhibition of the secondary wave of aggregation at greater than or equal to 0.9 mM alpha-tocopherol. The inhibitory effect of alpha-tocopherol on the platelet release reaction was further documented by the decrease in aggregation-induced release of [14C]5-hydroxytryptamine from prelabeled platelets and by the reduction of N-acetylglucosaminidase activity released into the medium. The sharp rise in lipid peroxides normally associated with platelet aggregation was markedly reduced by alpha-tocopherol and also by acetylsalicylic acid, a known inhibitor of the platelet release reaction. In vivo studies examined the effect of oral vitamin E administration (1,200-2,400 IU daily) on plasma and platelet levels of alpha-tocopherol. Up to 1,800 IU daily, increasing dosages of vitamin E resulted in increasing concentrations of alpha-tocopherol in plasma and platelets, but intake of vitamin E in excess of this dosage failed to show any further increase in plasma or platelet levels.

PMID:
1249206
PMCID:
PMC436708
DOI:
10.1172/JCI108331
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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