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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Jan;304(1):411-24.

Antisense oligonucleotide blockade of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in two murine models of colitis.

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Isis Pharmaceuticals, Carlsbad, California 92008, USA.


Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a key cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. We have developed a second-generation antisense oligonucleotide (ISIS 25302) specific for murine TNF-alpha and have evaluated this oligonucleotide in two models of gut inflammation of distinct etiology. ISIS 25302 decreased TNF-alpha mRNA in a dose- and sequence-dependent manner in vitro in the mouse macrophage cell line P388D1. It also reduced TNF-alpha mRNA in vivo, in whole adipose tissue and in macrophages isolated from the adipose tissue of db/db mice, a strain with constitutively high expression of TNF-alpha. ISIS 25302 significantly reduced disease activity index scores in mice with both an acute and a chronic form of dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis. It also significantly improved histopathological scores in interleukin (IL)-10-deficient mice. This was accompanied by reductions in both the basal and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated secretion of TNF-alpha and interferon-gamma in colonic organ cultures from IL-10 -/- mice. In this model, efficacy was obtained with both a prophylactic treatment regimen or a therapeutic dosing protocol begun after colitis was already present. In both the DSS and IL-10 -/- models, scrambled and mismatch control oligonucleotides were largely without effect, suggesting that ISIS 25302 was exerting its effects through a sequence-dependent antisense mechanism.

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