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J Endod. 2002 Dec;28(12):828-30.

The effect of three commonly used endodontic materials on the strength and hardness of root dentin.

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Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294-0007, USA.


The purpose of this study was to determine if calcium hydroxide, mineral trioxide aggregate, or sodium hypochlorite caused a change in the force required to fracture root dentin. Ten bovine central and lateral incisors were machined using various saws and drills to produce a cylinder of dentin with a 6.0-mm outer diameter 3.5-mm inner diameter and a length of 10 mm. The cylinders were cut lengthwise into four symmetrical pieces. The canal sides of the sections were then placed into Petri dishes containing a 1-mm depth of calcium hydroxide, mineral trioxide aggregate, sodium hypochlorite, or physiologic saline (control). The samples remained in the dishes for 5 weeks and were then shear tested by using an Instron machine. Data were analyzed using an ANOVA test for comparison of the groups as a whole, and a t test was used to compare each quarter section with its control from the same tooth. A 32% mean decrease in strength was discovered for calcium hydroxide, a 33% decrease in strength for mineral trioxide aggregate, and a 59% decrease for sodium hypochlorite. All decreases in strength were statistically significant: p < 0.001 for calcium hydroxide, p = 0.027 for mineral trioxide aggregate, and p < 0.001 for sodium hypochlorite. Results indicated that root dentin was weakened after 5 weeks of exposure to calcium hydroxide, mineral trioxide aggregate, or sodium hypochlorite.

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