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J Pers Disord. 2002 Oct;16(5):385-401.

Maladaptive personality functioning within the big five and the five-factor model.

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Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0044, USA.


The five-factor model (FFM) of general personality functioning was derived originally from lexical studies of trait terms within the English language. Many studies have been conducted on the relationship of the FFM to personality disorder symptomatology but, as yet, no lexical study of the representation of maladaptive personality functioning within a language has been conducted. The current study identified the distribution of socially undesirable trait terms within each of the poles of the Big Five and compared this distribution to findings obtained with FFM personality disorder measures. The implications of the results for a FFM of personality disorders and for the FFM assessment of maladaptive personality functioning are discussed.

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