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Connect Tissue Res. 2002;43(2-3):387-90.

Effects of alginate hydrogels and TGF-beta 1 on human dental pulp repair in vitro.

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School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, St Chad's Queensway, Birmingham B4 6NN, UK.


The objective of this study was to investigate the use of alginate hydrogels to present either exogenous or endogenous transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 to the dentin-pulp complex to signal reparative processes. Hydrogels were prepared, applied to cultured human tooth slices and the effects on tertiary dentinogenesis examined histologically. Both TGF-beta 1-containing and acid-treated alginate hydrogels, but not untreated hydrogels, upregulated dentin matrix secretion and induced odontoblast-like cell differentiation with subsequent secretion of regular tubular dentin matrix on cut pulpal surfaces. It is concluded that TGF-beta 1 can signal both induction of odontoblast-like cell differentiation and upregulation of their matrix secretion in the human dentin-pulp complex. Alginate hydrogels provide an appropriate matrix in which dental regeneration can take place and may also be useful for delivery of growth factors, including TGF-beta s, to enhance the natural regenerative capacity of the dental pulp.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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