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Int Rev Immunol. 2002 Jul-Oct;21(4-5):373-403.

The role of cytokines and their signaling pathways in the regulation of immunity to Toxoplasma gondii.

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Department of Pathobiology, University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.


The development of a strong cellular immune response is critical for the control of the intracellular pathogen Toxoplasma gondii. This occurs by activation of a complex, integrated immune response, which utilizes cells of the innate and adaptive immune systems. In the last two decades there have been major advances in our understanding of the role of cytokines in the initiation and maintenance of protective immunity to T. gondii, and IFN-gamma has been identified as the major mediator of resistance to this pathogen. This article provides an overview of the biology of toxoplasmosis and focuses on the pivotal role of cytokines and their signaling pathways during infection. It also addresses the role of cytokines in modulating other immune functions that are critical in determining the balance between a protective and a pathological immune response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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