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Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2003 Feb;14(1):35-51.

MDA-7/IL-24: novel cancer growth suppressing and apoptosis inducing cytokine.

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Department of Pathology, Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, BB-1501, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA.


The melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7 (mda-7) was cloned by subtraction hybridization as a molecule whose expression is elevated in terminally differentiated human melanoma cells. Current information based on structural and sequence homology, has led to the recognition of MDA-7 as an IL-10 family cytokine member and its renaming as IL-24. Northern blot analysis revealed mda-7/IL-24 expression in human tissues associated with the immune system such as spleen, thymus, peripheral blood leukocytes and normal melanocytes. The MDA-7/IL-24 mouse counterpart, FISP, appears to be a Th2-specific protein and the rat counterpart, C49A/MOB-5, is associated with wound healing and is also induced as a consequence of ras-transformation. A notable property of MDA-7/IL-24 is its ability to induce apoptosis in a large spectrum of human cancer derived cell lines, in mouse xenografts and upon intratumoral injection in human tumors (phase I clinical trials). Various aspects of this intriguing molecule including its cytokine and anti-tumoral effects are described and discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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