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Cornea. 2002 Oct;21(7 Suppl):S70-4.

Anatomy and histopathology of human meibomian gland.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Kumamoto, Japan. obatah@jichi.ac.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate histopathologic changes in human meibomian gland.

METHODS:

Human meibomian gland samples were obtained at autopsy from 50 men and 33 women aged from 17 to 87 years with a mean age (+/- SD) of 61 +/- 13 years. Pieces of tarsal plate measuring 3 x 3 mm including meibomian glands were excised from the center of both upper eyelids, then fixed and embedded in paraffin. Sections 4-microm thick were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and periodic acid-Schiff. Light microscopy was used to observe any histopathologic changes.

RESULTS:

The following histopathologic changes were observed: (1) cystic dilatation of acini and/or ducts, (2) atrophy of acini, (3) basement membrane thickening of acini, (4) granulation tissue, and (5) lipogranulomatous inflammation.

CONCLUSION:

Various histopathologic changes were observed in the human meibomian gland. Hyperkeratinization of ductal epithelium and atrophy of acinar cells may cause meibomian gland dysfunction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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