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Genetica. 2002 Sep;116(1):125-35.

Genetic differentiation, gene flow and the origin of infestations of the medfly, Ceratitis capitata.

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Department of Animal Biology, University of Pavia, Piazza Botta 9, 27100 Pavia, Italy.


The genetic structure of natural populations of the economically important dipteran species Ceratitis capitata was analysed using both biochemical and molecular markers. This revealed considerable genetic variation in populations from different geographic regions. The nature of this variation suggests that the evolutionary history of the species involved the spread of individuals from the ancestral African populations through Europe and, more recently, to Latin America, Hawaii and Australia. The observed variation can be explained by various evolutionary forces acting differentially in the different geographic areas, including genetic drift, bottleneck effects, selection and gene flow. The analysis of the intrinsic variability of the medfly's genome and the genetic relationships among populations of this pest is a prerequisite for any control programme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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