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J Dermatol. 2002 Nov;29(11):744-7.

Aneurysmal fibrous histiocytoma showing transition from factor XIIIa-positive to -negative.

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Department of Dermatology, Course of Molecular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Japan.


A 39-year-old woman visited us because of a subcutaneous induration on her forehead of 7 months' duration. The tumor was tender, firm, and colored blue-black. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of fibroblastic and histiocytic cells showing no atypicality. In some part intra- or extracellular haemosiderin was diffusely seen. There were some blood-filled spaces of varying size without endothelial lining. From these findings, this case was diagnosed as aneurysmal fibrous histiocytoma (AFH), a variant form of dermatofibroma. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that factor XIIIa-positive histiocytic cells were distributed in the area without haemosiderin, but such cells were absent in the area with its deposition. Furthermore, the cells near the blood-filled space showed transition from factor XIIIa-positive to -negative, suggesting that the stromal instability induced by the attenuation of factor XIII may lead the formation of the blood-filled spaces in AFH.

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