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High-performance liquid chromatographic method for determination of amodiaquine, chloroquine and their monodesethyl metabolites in biological samples.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.


A high-performance liquid chromatographic method for determination of amodiaquine (AQ), desethylamodiaquine (DAQ), chloroquine (CQ) and desethylchloroquine (DCQ) in human whole blood, plasma and urine is reported. 4-(4-Dimethylamino-1-methylbutylamino)-7-chloroquinoline was used as internal standard. The drugs and the internal standard were extracted into di-isopropyl ether as bases and then re-extracted into an acidic aqueous phase with 0.1 M phosphate buffer at pH 4.0 for AQ samples and at pH 2.5 for CQ filter paper samples. A C(18) column was used and the mobile phase consisted of methanol-phosphate buffer (0.1 M, pH 3)-perchloric acid (250: 747.5:2.5, v/v). The absorbance of the drugs was monitored at 333 nm and no endogenous compound interfered at this wavelength. The limit of quantification in whole blood, plasma and urine was 100 nM for AQ and DAQ (sample size 100 microliter) as well as for CQ and DCQ in blood samples dried on filter paper. For 1000 microliter AQ and DAQ samples, the limit of quantification was 10 nM in all three biological fluids. The within-assay and between-assay coefficients of variations were always <10% at the limits of quantification. Plasma should be preferred for the determination of AQ and DAQ since use of whole blood may be associated with stability problems.

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