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Lab Invest. 2002 Dec;82(12):1673-84.

Rapid trafficking of membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase to the cell surface regulates progelatinase a activation.

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Department of Research, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Northport, New York, 11768, USA.


Pericellular matrix degradation during cancer invasion and inflammation is dependent on activation of progelatinase A by membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP); a stoichiometric concentration of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) is required. Activation of progelatinase A has generally been considered to be a slow process occurring as a result of enhanced expression of MT1-MMP. We herein report that ConA treatment of HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells is followed by MT1-MMP-induced activation of progelatinase A on the cell surface within 1 hour. Cell surface biotinylation, immunohistochemistry, and (125)I-labeled TIMP-2 binding to cell surface MT1-MMP were used to characterize the appearance and function of MT1-MMP on the plasma membrane. Treatment of HT1080 cells with ConA resulted in increased specific binding of (125)I-labeled TIMP-2 to cell surface receptors within 5 minutes. TIMP-2 binds almost exclusively to activated MT1-MMP on the surface of HT1080 cells. MT1-MMP function at the cell surface was also accelerated by treatment of cells with cytochalasin D, an inhibitor of actin filaments, PMA, a stimulator of protein kinase C, and bafilomycin A(1), an inhibitor of lysosome/endosome function. A functional pool of intracellular MT1-MMP available for trafficking to the cell surface was demonstrated by repetitive ConA stimulation. ConA-induced expression of MT1-MMP mRNA (Northern blot analysis) in HT1080 cells was a delayed event (>6 hours). These data suggest that presynthesized MT1-MMP is sorted to a transient storage compartment (trans-Golgi network/endosomes), where it is available for rapid trafficking to the plasma membrane and cell surface proteolytic activity.

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