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Surg Neurol. 2002 Sep-Oct;58(3-4):251-7.

Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula showing diffuse MR enhancement of the spinal cord: case report and review of the literature.

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1
Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cervical myelopathy resulting from intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is uncommon. Knowledge of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of such lesions is important because many patients with myelopathy are initially examined by MRI, and an incorrect diagnosis could result in delayed or improper treatment. We describe a rare case of myelopathy due to an intracranial dural AVF showing diffuse enhancement of the cervical spinal cord.

CASE DESCRIPTION:

A 64-year-old male presented with progressive myelopathy and respiratory insufficiency. Cerebral angiography disclosed an AVF at the craniocervical junction draining intrathecally into the spinal medullary veins. MRI revealed dilated perimedullary vessels around the craniocervical junction, as well as spinal cord swelling with high signal intensity changes. Diffuse intense enhancement of the cervical spinal cord was also seen on postcontrast images. Embolization via the afferent artery was successfully performed, and the fistula was then microsurgically obliterated via a lateral suboccipital approach. This procedure arrested a rapidly progressive myelopathy.

CONCLUSION:

Intracranial dural AVF showing diffuse enhancement of the spinal cord is extremely rare, and this enhancement effect may indicate pathologic changes of the spinal cord. MRI only is not useful for diagnosis, but also for demonstrating pathologic changes and predicting the outcomes of patients with intracranial dural AVF.

PMID:
12480235
DOI:
10.1016/s0090-3019(02)00861-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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