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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2002 Dec;108(1-2):33-9.

14-3-3 protein is a component of Lewy bodies in Parkinson's disease-mutation analysis and association studies of 14-3-3 eta.

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Department of Medical Genetics, Children's Hospital, University Rostock, Rembrandt Str. 16/17, Germany.


Mutations in alpha-synuclein have been identified in some rare families with autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). The synuclein gene family shares physical and functional homology with 14-3-3 proteins and binds to 14-3-3 proteins and to its ligands. We therefore investigated whether 14-3-3 proteins are also involved in the pathogenesis of PD. Here we demonstrate that 14-3-3 proteins are colocalized with Lewy bodies in PD. We investigated the 14-3-3 eta (YWHAH) gene by mutation analysis and association studies as it maps to human chromosome 22q12.1-q13.1, a region which has been recently implicated in PD and carried out immunohistochemical studies of Lewy bodies with two different 14-3-3 eta antibodies. In 358 sporadic and familial PD patients, disease causing mutations were not identified. Furthermore, association studies with intragenic polymorphisms do not provide evidence for an involvement of 14-3-3 eta in the pathogenesis of PD. In accordance with these findings, there was no staining of substantia nigra Lewy bodies with antibodies specific for the 14-3-3 eta subunit.

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