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Dev Cell. 2002 Dec;3(6):815-24.

Studies of cargo delivery to the vacuole mediated by autophagosomes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Cell Biology, National Institute for Basic Biology, Nishigonaka 38, Myodaiji-cho, Okazaki 444-8585, Japan.


In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, aminopeptidase I (API), a vacuolar hydrolase, is selectively transported to the vacuole via the autophagosome. API forms a cytosol to vacuole targeting (Cvt) complex in the cytoplasm. The complex is engulfed by the autophagosome under starvation conditions. In this study, the Cvt complex is visualized as a dot in the cytoplasm by fluorescence microscopy with API-GFP. The Cvt complex associates with the preautophagosomal structure (PAS), which plays a central role in autophagosome formation. In a Deltacvt19 mutant, which is specifically defective in API transport, but not in autophagy, the Cvt complex forms normally but never associates with the PAS. This indicates that Cvt19p mediates association between the Cvt complex and the PAS.

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