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Ethn Dis. 2002 Fall;12(4):523-9.

Utility of a surrogate measure of insulin resistance in American Indians: the Strong Heart Study.

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MedStar Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA.



1) Determine in a sample of American Indians (AI) how well insulin sensitivity (SI) measured by the frequently sampled intravenous glucose test (FSIGT) correlates with a simpler measure of insulin resistance (IR) measured by the homeostasis assessment (HOMA) model; (2) compare insulin sensitivity in a sample of diabetic and non-diabetic Al in the Strong Heart Study (SHS) with that of White, Black, and Hispanic Americans in the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS).


Cross sectional




Sixty-one Al participants in SHS MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mean SI measured by FSIGT, a complex protocol to evaluate insulin sensitivity, and mean IR measured by the HOMA model, a method based on measures of fasting glucose and fasting insulin.


Although 70% of sample participants were non-diabetic, only 18% were insulin sensitive by SI. Diabetes status strongly confounded Si among Al in SHS. At non-diabetic levels of fasting glucose (< 126 mg/dL), SI correlated well with HOMA IR (rho = -0.49, P = .0009), but SI did not reflect HOMA IR at levels of fasting glucose that are diagnostic of diabetes (> or = 126 mg/dL; rho = -0.13, P = n.s.). With the exception of some Hispanic participants in IRAS, mean SI of non-diabetic Al in SHS was lower than that of their non-diabetic IRAS counterparts. Diabetic Al participants in SHS had markedly lower mean SI than all diabetic participants in IRAS.


The HOMA model may be a useful tool to identify non-diabetic American Indians who might benefit from early CVD risk factor modification.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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