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Pol Arch Med Wewn. 2002 Aug;108(2):725-30.

[Association of the renin-angiotensin system gene polymorphism with nephropathy in type II diabetes].

[Article in Polish]

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Katedra i Klinika Nefrologii AM w Lublinie.


Diabetic nephropathy is the most frequent cause of end-stage renal failure. One of the crucial factors in a development of renal and cardiovascular complications of diabetes is genetic predisposition. The genes of the renin-angiotensin system are important group of candidate genes involved in pathogenesis of chronic renal diseases. The purpose of our study was the evaluation of a possible role of genetic polymorphisms of some of the RAS system genes in the nephropathy in type 2 diabetes. The study was performed in 117 patients with diabetic nephropathy, compared with 200 healthy subjects as a control group. The following polymorphisms: insertion/deletion (I/D) of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE), M235T of the angiotensinogen gene (AGT) and A1166C of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene (AT1R) were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). No statistically significant differences between groups were found in the allele frequency and genotype distribution for ACE and AGT polymorphisms. The results for the AT1R gene polymorphism revealed significant differences in allele and genotype frequencies. The homozygous CC genotype was more frequent in patients with diabetic nephropathy than in control group. Both genotypes with the C allele (AC + CC) were found in 56% of patients compared to 38% in control group. These results suggest increased susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy in individuals carrying the CC genotype. Therefore, the A1166C polymorphism of the AT1R gene could be a potential genetic marker for increased susceptibility to renal complications in type 2 diabetes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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