Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Apr;284(4):E764-70. Epub 2002 Dec 10.

Creatine supplementation has no effect on human muscle protein turnover at rest in the postabsorptive or fed states.

Author information

1
Université catholique de Louvain, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels 1200, Belgium.

Abstract

Dietary creatine supplementation is associated with increases in muscle mass, but the mechanism is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that creatine supplementation enhanced myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) and diminished muscle protein breakdown (MPB) in the fed state. Six healthy men (26 +/- 7 yr, body mass index 22 +/- 4 kg/m(2)) were studied twice, 2-4 wk apart, before and after ingestion of creatine (21 g/day, 5 days). We carried out two sets of measurements within 5.5 h of both MPS (by incorporation of [1-(13)C]leucine in quadriceps muscle) and MPB (as dilution of [1-(13)C]leucine or [(2)H(5)]phenylalanine across the forearm); for the first 3 h, the subjects were postabsorptive but thereafter were fed orally (0.3 g maltodextrin and 0.083 g protein. kg body wt(-1) x h(-1)). Creatine supplementation increased muscle total creatine by approximately 30% (P < 0.01). Feeding had significant effects, doubling MPS (P < 0.001) and depressing MPB by approximately 40% (P < 0.026), but creatine had no effect on turnover in the postabsorptive or fed states. Thus any increase in muscle mass accompanying creatine supplementation must be associated with increased physical activity.

PMID:
12475751
DOI:
10.1152/ajpendo.00338.2002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center